COUNTRY THREAT RATINGS
How to determine the country threat level to use with MOTSS:
There are three options for determining the country threat level:
Government travel advice.
Insurer-provided or subscription risk portal.
Bespoke systems, such as Open Briefing's country threat rating tool.
MOTSS is divided into core, enhanced and advanced standards to apply to low-, medium- or high-threat countries respectively; however, many government advice systems and subscription risk portals use four- or five-point scales. The traveller will need to map these onto the three-point scale used in MOTSS - with the highest and lowest ratings matching low and high in MOTSS, and the middle ratings matched according to the best fit.
An example is the four-point travel advisory system used by the US state department, which can be matched onto a three-point scale as follows:
Exercise normal precautions LOW
Exercise increased caution MEDIUM
Reconsider travel MEDIUM
Do not travel HIGH
Likewise, a five-point risk portal system can be mapped onto the three-point system used by MOTSS as follows:
The other option, is for travellers to use a bespoke system, such as Open Briefing's country threat rating tool. To use this simple tool, the traveller should answer each question below, and record their score for each as indicated. The total score will provide the country threat level to use as follows:
Note that two of the answers (relating to armed conflict and do not travel warnings) substantially increase the overall score in order to ensure an accurate outcome.
Country threat rating tool
What is the crime situation?
Occasional petty crime
Frequent petty crime and occasional violent crime
Frequent petty and violent crime
What is the threat from political violence?
Terrorism is not a threat
Occasional attacks on government targets, security forces or commercial targets
Frequent attacks against civilian targets
What is movement like?
Free movement around country
Some restrictions in certain locations
Significant restrictions in many locations
Is there a threat from civil unrest?
Civil unrest is unlikely to occur
Organised protests in urban areas
Frequent protests in urban and rural areas
What is the threat of armed conflict?
1. No armed conflict in the country
2. Armed opposition groups active in parts of country
8. Civil war or international armed conflict
What is the medical situation?
Fully-functioning healthcare system in all areas
Reasonable healthcare in urban areas; limited in rural areas
Lack of adequate healthcare
Does the traveller's or organisation's national government have a do not travel warning in place?